Information about the History of Naxos
The scientists believe that the importance of Naxos was abolishing for the history of Cyclades and for the entire Greece. Naxos was self-sufficient about its goods because of its central position, its size and its natural resources. For this reason, Pindaros call it "liparan" ( = fatty). From antiquity were known its fruits, oil and wine. Its wine is compared to nectar of the Gods.
It is said that Zeus brought up in Naxos. Apollo was being worshiped as florist. Mars has been chased and for this, he took refuge in the island. Dionysus was related to Naxos too. In Naxos was married to Ariadnes, after her abandonment from Theseus. The death and the resurrection of Ariadnes were being celebrated in the island symbolizing the rebirth of nature.
The first inhabitants of Naxos considered being Thracians that dominated two hundred years in the island. Later, came the Kares. They came from Asia Minor having as their leader Naxos who gave his name to the island.
Archeological finds we have from the end of the 4th millennium B.C. The 3rd millennium B.C., Naxos presents a big population to the west of the island. At Panormos were found earnests of their civilization. In the town of Naxos was found a developed built-up-area with square houses and tiled roofs.
More finds there are in relation to the cemeteries of the region. Many graves are masterpieces of art and date back to the 3rd millennium B.C. There were found also earthen and marble vessels and marble statuettes of the prehistoric era.
After the end of the Cycladic civilization flourishes to the same place the marble material. Afterwards, about the 2nd millennium B.C. when it is developed the Mycenaean civilization, falls the Cycladic. When in 1400 B.C. Crete retires, Naxos helps to the spreading of the Mycenaean civilization to the East.
Naxos' population is transferred to the northwest in the main Greece. So, it is created the town of Grotta about at 1000 B.C.